Don’t Confuse An Elephant With A Crab

It sounds impossible, but this happens every week at your church. You try to create music in a style different from the one in which it was written. You try to play modern songs with traditional ways of thinking. And it’s not pretty.

I listened to my friend Geoff Twigg teach a Worship Link band workshop, and he said something that articulated a pitfall I’ve seen repeatedly. It was brilliant, really.

He described the rhythm of a song as its skeleton, the supporting framework that makes everything else work. I’ve often said that the rhythm is the foundation, the railroad tracks, that everything else is built on. Grant Norsworthy talks about rhythm as the mattress that a happy child (the melody) can jump upon (which feels very different than jumping on concrete!)

But here’s where Geoff’s analogy blew me away.

Traditional worship music has an endoskeleton, or its skeleton on the inside. Like an elephant – the rhythm is inside. Everything it needs is contained inside the very melody.

But modern worship music has an exoskeleton, or its skeleton on the outside. Like a crab – the instruments both complete and support the melody. It’s why the instrumental part of the music plays an enormous role in modern worship music and why it needs to be prominent to work.

Think about how a hymn can just about sing itself, with no accompaniment. We often sing them acapella – and they work great! In fact, it’s easy to mess up the hymn by trying to play along with it – can I get a witness from a guitar player?!

But now imagine singing “Your Grace Is Enough” acapella. Too hard to imagine? Here…listen to this: []

And then listen to this: []

Now imagine what a crab disguised as an elephant would look like. I broke the Internet looking for one. This is what we do to many songs. It certainly looks neither like a crab nor an elephant! Have you ever heard (or played) a song that didn’t even seem to be the same song as what you heard in the recording?

Let me translate this. If you’re playing a hymn, make sure that you don’t get in the way of the rhythm or create a competing rhythm.

If you’re playing a modern song, make sure you’re playing the music appropriately. If the rhythm is the exoskeleton that modern music needs, burying the rhythm behind the piano and guitar (or having the piano and guitar not playing _to_ the bass and drums) would be like a floppy crab with no skeleton (read: a dead crab!) So if you’re making modern worship music, the rhythm is paramount. If you have drums, the drums should lead. Shocking? Perhaps. But that’s how this music works. It has an exoskeleton.

Now here’s where it gets really messy.

Hymns have everything notated for you…notes, measures, performance indicators. The music is literally all there for the piano or organ to plunk out while we sing the same notes.

Most worship teams play modern music from a chord chart with no notes, no measures, and no performance indicators. You can get the orchestration for many songs from services like, but how many of your team members would be able to read them?

Rather than reading music, most of us have to learn a new skill: **decoding recordings** and taking those ideas as a starting point for how our team will actually play the song. The listening part is called “listening in tracks.”

For example, a drummer will listen to “Your Grace Is Enough” and note that the kick drum is played on every quarter note of the song (except for the “down” pre-chorus and chorus) and the hi-hat, which is closed for the verses, opens up for the chorus. The drummer will also notice how the drums set up each new section of the song by builds and fills. Then the team will need to decide if they’ll play the standard recording’s full-energy intro or some other way that’s more fitting to your context. 

And because we make music together, there’s learning in this for sound techs as well. Should the piano or guitar be louder than the drums and bass if the drums and bass are the exoskeleton? No. I should notice the crab’s shell first, not it’s guts! Read more [here].

If this is frustrating to you and you’re saying “I can’t do this, so I guess I can’t play modern worship” I feel you! But I believe you can. What it might take is having an Ad Lib Music Coach come to your rehearsal to teach this to your team!

(We lost Geoff to the sanctuary of Heaven in October of 2018…our loss, their gain. Miss you, Geoff!)

The world-famous elecrab!